Apr 28, 2017 · Hydrophilic Definition. A hydrophilic molecule or substance is attracted to water. Water is a polar molecule that acts as a solvent, dissolving other polar and hydrophilic substances.In biology, many substances are hydrophilic, which allows them to be dispersed throughout a cell or organism.All cells use water as a solvent that creates the solution known as cytosol.
B) Electrons are being moved from atoms that have a lower affinity for electrons (such as C) to atoms with a higher affinity for electrons (such as O). C) The oxidation of organic compounds can be used to make ATP. D) The electrons have a higher potential energy when associated with water and CO 2 than they do in organic compounds.
The sugar glucose is the main fuel source for cellular respiration. So let’s replace ‘organic compound’ with the chemical formula for glucose, which is C6H12O6.
carry energy and high energy electrons that are used during the Calvin cycle to produce. 2) are used to make 1 molecule of glucose (C 6 H 12 O 6) ? 1 2 3 6 12. (Hint: Many molecules that help with photosynthesis are enzymes)
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Apr 29, 2019 · This molecule is rearranged to form pyruvate in a series of steps that generate one NADH per molecule, the four phosphate groups (two from each molecule) are used to create four ATP. But because the first part of glycolysis requires an input of two ATP, the net result of glucose is two pyruvate, one ATP and two NADH.
The water molecule has a total of 10 protons and 10 electrons (8 from the oxygen atom and 1 from each of the two hydrogen atoms). Since it has the same number.
In glycolysis,1NADH is equivalent to 3ATP. Now,2 molecules of NADH are formed,therefore ATP produced is 6. But,remember there has been a previous loss of 2ATPs,and gain of 4ATPs in substrate level phosphorylation…. So net ATP gain=6+4–2=8ATP,But net production of ATP was 10.
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(Table modified from  Oct 2007).What is the purpose of anaerobic and aerobic respiration? [The sugar glucose is the major food molecule in the cell, but it is too energetic to use directly in most chemical reactions. To be useful, glucose is broken down into an energy storing molecule (ATP) that can be used throughout the cell.
Term: During the Calvin cycle, you were introduced to a new molecule, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate. Which of the following statements best explains the role of G3P in this second stage of photosynthesis? Definition: G3P is a small sugar molecule produced by the Calvin cycle, but it is also used by the Calvin cycle to regenerate the original organic molecule with energy from ATP.
– [Instructor] Alright, so, if we were gonna go on the ambitious task of tallying up how much ATP was produced in one cycle of cellular respiration or, just to be super clear here, I mean how much ATP was produced per the oxidation or breakdown of one molecule of glucose in cellular respiration? We.
Fermentation generates fewer ATP per molecule of substrate. (ex. E. coli can produce 38 ATP/molecule of glucose by aerobic respiration, but only 3 ATP by fermentation.) 2. Because many molecules of substrate must be metabolized to supply a cell’s ATP requirements, the substrate must be in abundance in order for the microbe to grow. 3.
In many cells, if oxygen is not present, pyruvate (pyruvic acid) is metabolized in a process called fermentation. By oxidizing the NADH produced in glycolysis, fermentation regenerates NAD+, which can take part in glycolysis once again to produce more ATP. The net energy gain in fermentation is 2 ATP molecules per molecule of glucose.
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The model for aerobic respiration is the oxidation of the glucose molecule: (1) C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6 O 2 + 6 H 2 O + 38 ADP +38 P. C 6 H 12 O 6 è 6 CO 2. And a reduction component: (3) 6 O 2 è 6 H 2 O. Aerobic respiration has four stages. The last step in aerobic respiration is the bonding of 2 electrons, 2 protons, and oxygen to form water.
Oct 13, 2007 · Since only 2 ATPs are netted per glucose if O2 is absent, the equation becomes: 14.6/686 = X/100 and X = 2.13% Even though anaerobic respiration is not very efficient, this small amount of ATP released per glucose could be very important for an animal attempting to escape a predator. As the escape begins aerobic respiration supplies the ATP.
Following glycolysis and the citric acid cycle, but before the electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation, the carbon skeleton of glucose has been broken down to CO2 with some net gain of ATP. Most of the energy from the original glucose molecule at that point in the process, however, is in the form of _____. A) acetyl-CoA
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2 ATP per molecule of glucose can be generated under anaerobic conditions. If an electron carrier molecule like NAD+ accepts two high energy electrons (and a hydrogen) from another molecule (as happens many times during respiration), it is said that the NAD+ is being __________ to NADH while the other molecule is being _______.
Electrons carried in NADH Electrons carried in NADH and FADH2 Glucose Glycolysis Transition Reaction Study this diagram. List the parts of aerobic cellular respiration in order. Note that each part actually represents a series of reactions, or biochemical pathway, making the entire process very long. Why do you think this is? (Hint: It’s.
The electron transport chain consists of a spatially separated series of redox reactions in which electrons are transferred from a donor molecule to an acceptor molecule. The underlying force driving these reactions is the Gibbs free energy of the reactants and products.